Because much of the attention is focused on how Ukraine is going to export grain and oilseeds, less attention is being paid to other agricultural sectors like dairy. Yet, the consequences of the war on the Ukrainian dairy industry, which is the country’s second largest sector of agriculture after crops, are devastating.
The majority of dairy farms in Ukraine are family-owned, with industrial farms accounting for about 30% of the total. Before the war, 10 regions – now occupied by Russia – produced 42% of the total volume of raw milk. Since the beginning of the Russian invasion, Ukraine has lost approximately 100,000 cows. In the occupied territories and territories close to military hostilities, milk production has dropped by 50%.